Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) : Definition and Diagnostic

Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was first identified in 2001 and has since been recognized as a major cause of respiratory infections, particularly in children, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals. hMPV infection can present with a wide range of symptoms, including fever, cough, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, hMPV can lead to respiratory failure and even death, especially in high-risk populations.


Human metapneumovirus


The virus primarily targets the respiratory epithelium, causing inflammation and damage to the airways. Like other respiratory viruses, hMPV can lead to secondary bacterial infections, further complicating the clinical course of the disease. Diagnosis of hMPV infection is typically confirmed through laboratory testing of respiratory samples, such as nasopharyngeal swabs or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, using techniques like RT-PCR.

We offers an efficient product for hMPV diagnosis : The Capilia™ hMPV Assayt which is a rapid diagnostic test used to detect the presence of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) antigens in respiratory samples, such as nasopharyngeal swabs or nasal aspirates. The test is based on an immunochromatographic assay principle, where hMPV antigens, if present in the sample, will bind to specific antibodies conjugated to colloidal gold particles. This complex then migrates along a nitrocellulose membrane, where it is captured by a second set of antibodies immobilized on the membrane, forming a visible line.

The Capilia™ hMPV test is known for its high sensitivity and specificity, allowing for accurate and reliable detection of hMPV infections in clinical settings. The test provides results within minutes, making it valuable for rapid diagnosis and timely initiation of appropriate patient management strategies.

Overall, the Capilia™ hMPV test is a valuable tool for healthcare providers in the rapid and accurate diagnosis of hMPV infections, particularly during seasonal outbreaks or in patients presenting with respiratory symptoms suggestive of hMPV infection.


Capilia hMPV kit

There are currently no specific antiviral treatments approved for hMPV infection, so management is focused on supportive care to alleviate symptoms. Prevention strategies include practicing good hand hygiene, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, and vaccination when available.

Despite its clinical importance, the full impact of hMPV infection remains to be fully elucidated. Ongoing research is needed to better understand the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and immune response to hMPV, which could lead to the development of novel therapeutic and preventive strategies against this significant respiratory pathogen.