• National flower of India
    Lotus (Nelumbium nucifera = Nelumbo speciosum)


  • Red Sea
    Due to blue green alga Trichondesmium erythreum
  • Most commonly seen fungi
  • Drosophila of plant kingdom
    Neurospora crassa (red/pink Bread mould)


  • Resupination
    Ovary rotates by 1800 in orchids
  • Major source of sugar in world
    Beet roots
  • Phytotron
    A device in which plants are grown in controlled conditions.


  • Ermarki and Ranunculus lobatus
    Plants recorded at higher altitude (21000 ft)
  • Smallest Angiosperm
    Woiffia arrhiza inch long rootless.


  • Smallest flower
    Woiffia microscopica (duck weed) 0. 1 mm
  • Smallest seed
    Orchids (weighs 0.004 mg)
  • Smallest Gymnosperm
    Zamina pygmea (25 cm tall)


  • Smallest acellular oganisms and
    Mycoplasma galliseptium (0.3—0.5 iL)
  • also visit fact of botany-2
  • Minimum number of chromosomes in Angiosperms and in an eukaryote
    Haplopappus gracilis 2n = 4


  • Smallest bryophyte
    Zoopsis, Ephemerum (Pigmy moss)
  • Largest bryophyte
    Dawsonia, Fontinalis (brook moss)


  • Aquatic ferns
    Azolla, Marsilea, Salvinia
  • Bhojpatra
    Betula utilis — Bark of this plant was used to write manuscript in ancient times.
  • Saprophytic angiosperms•
    Wullshcleigellia), Neottia (Bird’s nest orchid), Monotrapa (Indian pipe plant) Carallorhiza etc. absorb humus through fungi


  • Sulphur shower
    Liberation of pollen grain in large amount by pine trees.
  • Killer weed
    Parthenium hysterophorus (called- congress or carrot grass, belongs to family compositae)